Arch of Constantine
Situated midway between the Colosseum and Palatine Hill, the arch commemorates the battle victories of Emperor Constantine. The structure bears inscriptions and numerous relief carvings depicting the emperor’s many battles against Maxentius, which include seizing Verona and the Battle of Milvian Bridge.
The Palazzo Senatorio, the Palazzo Nuovo and the Palazzo dei Conservatori form the museum complex. The buildings contain the remains of ancient Roman buildings and art. Visitors also find historic artwork created during the medieval and Renaissance eras.
Measuring 2,037 feet (621 meters) in length, the circus was the largest sporting arena of the Roman Empire. The facility held up to 150,000 spectators and regularly held competitions centered around religious holidays. The location also achieved notoriety for being the site of burning Rome.
Holding over 40,000 spectators, the colosseum was one of the largest structures completed in the Roman Empire. Famous for battles between gladiators and the punishment of Christians, millions annually visit the site after arriving on flights to Rome. Exploring the massive structure includes journeying through the many underground passageways used for holding and transporting the animals and human participants to the arena floor.
Located in the center of the Seven Hills of Rome, research indicates that Palatine Hill was one of the first inhabited sites of the city. As early as 1,000 B.C., the affluent made their homes here. Architectural features of the site include the Imperial Palace and the city’s ancient retaining walls.
Reconstructed in 127 A.D. and filled with the art of the masters, the Pantheon is one of the best preserved pieces of Roman architecture. Originally designed as a temple for the Roman gods, the building became a Catholic church in the 7th century.
Theatre of Marcellus
Caesar began construction on this magnificent example of Roman architecture but the Emperor Augustus completed the structure and named it for his nephew in 13 B.C. Measuring 394 feet (120 meters) in diameter, the open theater held up to 20,000 spectators who arrived at the location for enjoying live concerts and plays. The structure later served as a fortress and palace during the middle ages.
Designed by Nicola Salvi and completed in 1762, the structure replaces an earlier fountain built in 1453. The world famous fountain features an overall ocean theme having chariot riding Tritons. Measuring 85 feet (26 meters) tall and 66 feet (20 meters) wide, the fountain provided the backdrop for a number of motion pictures.
A city within a city, the Vatican complex covers 108.7 acres and features numerous buildings surrounded by medieval gardens containing sculptures and water fountain. Millions arrive on flights to Rome to tour the Vatican museums, St. Peter’s Square and St. Peter’s Basilica, home of the Sistine Chapel. These locations house some of the most world-renowned artwork, created by Bernini, Michelangelo and Raphael.
Via Appian Antica
Many believe this ancient Roman road, known as the Appian Way, was the location where Christ confronted Paul. Now a park filled with sculptures, the location also gained notoriety for its collection of burial catacombs.